Analyze qualitative information. Putting the analyzed parts together in a way that tells the complete story can be done by the team that has been assigned to gather and analyze information. Partial analysis can be presented to the larger community group for completion. Chapter seven: Presentation of results.
The importance of presenting results. Who will receive the results? When and where are the results needed?
How will results be presented? Some guidelines for presentation of results. Written presentation of results. Visual presentation of results. Oral presentation of results. PAME's focus on the community assures that the community and field staff benefit by identifying, gathering and analyzing information. But, the job is not done until the results are delivered to the intended audience, and decisions made. Too often, valid, reliable, vitally important results are not used. This is not only a waste of resources information planning, gathering, and analysis it also means that important decisions are made without adequate information.
It is important that decision makers get the relevant information, and that the information is received on time. It is also important that the results are presented in a way that is understandable to the people for whom they are meant. There are many potential information users. The community must decide who will receive information. Individuals or groups in the community who have participated directly in the project.
Community members who have not directly participated, who may not directly benefit from activities, but who may be very interested in knowing how things are going.
Communities nearby, within the country or even outside the country can benefit from the lessons and experiences of others. Field staff, project administrators, country directors and staff from other sectors will be interested in the experience of the community. E National forestry services. National forest services are interested in community forestry development in their country. They will be interested in knowing collectively, or even individually, how forestry activities are doing.
Government agencies, non-government organizations NGOs , individual funders and other development agencies working in similar or related activities will be interested in the results. People within or outside the country may be interested in the community's experiences. H Research organizations. Researchers within or outside the country will be interested in results that help to focus their attention on relevant research. The presentation of results can vary according the "users".
- ivy league admission essay.
- referencing website in essay harvard.
- difference between thesis and dissertation uk.
- union nationale des prothesistes dentaires.
- help writing an essay outline.
- Using people analytics to drive business performance: A case study.
In some cases it may not be up to the community to prepare results in any form other than what is useful to them. If results are required by others, it must be with the consent of the community. If a great deal of time is required to prepare results for others, the community may have to be compensated in some way. Whenever results leave the community, this should be done with respect for the "owners" of the information, and their input should be acknowledged.
If outsiders request information, they should be prepared to provide resources for the presentation and translate the information into a form that is understandable to them. There may be time constraints that limit the ways that results can be presented. If results are needed fairly quickly for a decision making the presentation may not be so elaborate.
The way the results are presented will depend on: the kinds of information that have been collected, quantitative or qualitative ; the information gathering tools that were used; whether it is results from Participatory Assessment, Baseline, Monitoring or Evaluation; and the resources that are available. Quantitative results numbers are more easily presented in visual form, such as tables or graphs, while qualitative results descriptions can make use of presentations such as stories, case studies or dramas.
What is a Case Study? Definition and Method
Both types of information can be integrated for presentation to complement and support each other. Think of a televised news story. Quantitative information numbers are often reported alongside quotes or interviews to effectively communicate a message. The way to communicate results may be closely linked with the information gathering tools that have been used.
For example, if a Community Case Study Tool 7 was done on the management of a nearby natural forest, the case study could be presented in written form, read aloud, or acted out for the community and video-taped and edited for distribution to a wider audience. If possible, the results should relate to the information gathering tool which has been used. People are then familiar with it. For example, if Ranking, Rating and Sorting Tool 10 was used with picture cards, use these same picture cards when presenting the results.
The methods that are used will have a bearing on how the results will be presented. In some instances, the information may just be roughly analyzed to give immediate information, and then stored for future use. In other cases, it may be more fully analyzed and integrated. The skills of the people, the time available to spend on preparing a presentation, and access to resources such as cameras, tape recorders and paper will all have a bearing on how the results can be presented.
Communicate in the language of the intended audience.
Case Study Method - Case Studies | Case Study in Business, Management- ICMR
This is not just a question of Spanish, Swahili, French or Hindi, but also a question of "jargon ". Whenever possible use common names which everyone understands. The results should not be the opinions of only a few. It is important to present facts and information verified by community members who were not involved in the process of collection or analysis.
Have as true a picture as possible. In order to reach those who make decisions, results should be presented in time to provide them with information before final decisions are made. The community should decide what and how to communicate to other interested parties. It is their story and it will be all the more powerful if they tell it in their own way. There should, of course, also be room for the story of the project staff. If a written report, case study or community newsletter is chosen to present results, there are some things to consider.
A Community Case Study can be used in the school programme, or in adult literacy classes. It may be one of the few locally relevant reading pieces. When presenting written results:. When people are described, they should be not merely numbers, but mobile characters who are active decision makers, people who question, adopt or share innovations.
Pictoral reports of activities or photographs will also add interest to written results. Visuals can present some results clearly and concisely. They can be used for written reports, newspapers, slides, handouts at meetings, posters, and wall-charts. Visuals help show information quickly, make written reports more interesting, enhance important points in a report and present the total picture in a small space.
A number of visual presentations of results are possible: tables, graphs; histograms; horizontal and vertical bar charts; pie charts; map charts; pictograms; and cartoons. The choice will depend on the information that is to be presented and the intended audience. Choose the best method for the purpose. For example, graphs will show trends better than a table, while bar charts are effective, when comparing differences between similar information.